Social Studies

About This Test

The Social Studies test provides evidence of a candidate’s ability to use social studies content knowledge as well as analyze and evaluate various kinds of social studies information. The test uses materials from a variety of content areas, including history, political science, geography, and economics. Primary documents, posters, cartoons, timelines, maps, graphs, tables, charts, and reading passages may be used to present information. The questions may ask candidates to distinguish statements of fact from opinion; recognize the limitations of procedures and methods; and make judgments about the reliability of sources, the validity of inferences and conclusions, and the adequacy of information for drawing conclusions. This test may contain some questions that will not count toward your score.

Martin Luther King Jr.

Nikola Tesla

Social Studies

The Test Framework

The Social Studies test framework is organized into broad areas of content, called Content Categories. Each Content Category is further divided into Content Category Descriptors. The Content Category Descriptors describe in greater detail the skills and knowledge eligible for testing. In addition to knowing and understanding the social studies content explicitly described in the Content Category Descriptors, candidates also will answer questions that may involve one or more of the Process Categories. Each Process Category is further divided into Process Category Descriptors. The Content Category Descriptors are numbered under each Content Category on the next page. The Process Category Descriptors are numbered under the Social Studies Process Categories section

Social Studies 98
Math 92
Reading 96
Writing 98
Science 70

I. History

1.Analyze historical sources and recognize perspectives 2. Identify interconnections among the past, present, and future 3. Understand specific eras in U.S. and world history, including the people who have shaped them and the political, economic, and cultural characteristics of those eras

II. Civics/Government

1. Understand the role of the citizen in a democratic society, including rights and responsibilities, and informed participation 2. Recognize the structure and functions of different levels of government in the United States, including concepts of power and authority 3. Understand the purposes and characteristics of various governance systems, with particular emphasis on the U.S. government

III. Economics

 1. Recognize fundamental economic concepts, including principles of supply and demand 2. Understand government involvement in the economy, including comparative economic systems and globalization 3. Understand consumer economics

IV. Geography

1. Understand concepts and know terminology of physical and human geography 2. Use geographic concepts to analyze spatial phenomena and discuss economic, political, and social factors 3. Interpret maps and other visual and technological tools, and analyze case studies

Social Studies Process Categories

Each Process Category is further divided into Process Category Descriptors. The Process Category Descriptors are numbered under each Process Category below

A. Interpret and Apply

1. Make inferences or predictions based on data or other information 2. Infer unstated relationships 3. Extend conclusions to related phenomena B. Analyze 1. Distinguish among facts, opinions, and values 2. Recognize the author’s purpose, assumptions, and arguments C. Evaluate and Generalize 1. Determine the adequacy of information for reaching conclusions 2. Judge the validity of conclusions 3. Compare and contrast the reliability of sources